Atmospheric conditions
Physical conditions of the atmosphere. This item includes spatial data based on measurements, on models or on a combination thereof and includes measurement locations.
Land cover
Physical and biological cover of the earth's surface including artificial surfaces, agricultural areas, woods and forests, areas (semi-) natural areas, wetlands, water bodies.
Population distribution, Demography
Geographical distribution of people, including population characteristics and activity levels, aggregated by grid, region, administrative unit or other analytical unit.


Species distribution
Geographic distribution of animal and plant species aggregated by grid, region, administrative unit or other analytical unit.
Geographical location of buildings.
Meteorological geographical
Weather conditions and their measurements; precipitation, temperature, evapotranspiration, wind speed and wind direction.
Oceanographic geographical features
Physical conditions of oceans (currents, salinity, wave heights, etc.).
Digital elevation models for land, ice and ocean surface. The item includes terrestrial elevation, bathymetry and shoreline.
Geology characterized according to composition and structure. This item includes the bedrock, aquifers and geomorphology.
Habitat and biotope
Geographical areas characterized by specific ecological conditions, processes, structure, and (life support) that support the organisms that live there. Includes terrestrial and aquatic areas, entirely natural or semi-natural, differentiated according to geographical, abiotic and biotic.
Hydrographic elements, including marine areas and all other water bodies and items related to them, including river basins and sub-basins. Where appropriate, according to the definitions set out in Directive 2000/60 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water, and in the form of networks.
Agricultural plants and aquaculture
Equipment and facilities of agricultural production (including irrigation systems, greenhouses and stables).
Environmental monitoring facilities
The location and operation of environmental monitoring facilities includes observation and measurement of emissions, of the state of environmental media and of other ecosystem parameters (biodiversity, ecological conditions of vegetation, etc.) By or on behalf of public authorities.
Location of properties based on address identifiers, usually by road name, house number, postal code.
Geographical names
Names of areas, regions, localities, cities, suburbs, towns or settlements, or any geographical or topographical feature of public or historical interest.
Cartographic images
Georeferenced images of the Earth's surface, from either satellite or airborne sensors.
Land registry's plots
Areas defined by cadastral registers or equivalent.
Production and industrial facilities
Industrial production sites; including installations covered by Directive 96/61 / EC of 24 September 1996 concerning integrated pollution prevention and control and plant water extraction, mining, storage sites.
Biogeographic regions
Areas with relatively homogeneous ecological conditions with common characteristics.
Sea regions
Physical conditions of seas and saline water bodies divided into regions and sub-regions with common characteristics.
Transport networks
Transport networks Road, rail, air and waterways and related infrastructure. This Includes links between different networks and even the trans-European transport network under Decision No. 1692/96 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 July 1996 on Community guidelines for the development of trans-European transport network (1) and subsequent revisions.
Energy resources
Energy resources, including hydrocarbons, hydropower, bio-energy, solar, wind, etc., Where relevant including information, in terms of height / depth, the extent of the resource.
Mineral resources
Mineral resources including metal ores, industrial minerals, etc., Where relevant including information, in terms of height / depth, the extent of the resource.
Human health and safety
Geographical distribution of dominance of pathologies (allergies, cancers, respiratory diseases, etc.), The information on the effects on health (biomarkers, decline of fertility, epidemics) or well-being of humans (fatigue, stress, etc.) In relation to the quality of the environment, both directly (air pollution, chemicals, depletion of the ozone layer, noise, etc.) or indirectly (food, genetically modified organisms, etc.).
Utilities and administrative services
Includes utility facilities such as sewage, waste management, energy supply and water supply, both public administration and social services such as public administrations, civil protection sites, schools and hospitals.
Coordinate Systems
Systems for uniquely referencing spatial information in space as a set of coordinates (x, y, z) and / or latitude and longitude and height, on the basis of a given geodetic horizontal and vertical.
Grid systems geographical
Harmonised multi-resolution grid with a common point of origin and a location and size of standard cells.
Protected sites
Area designated or managed within a framework of international, Community and Member States to achieve specific conservation objectives.
Characterization of soil and subsoil according to depth, texture (texture), the structure and content of particles and organic material, stoniness, erosion, where appropriate mean slope and anticipated water storage capacity.
Administrative units
Units of administration, dividing areas where Member States have and / or exercise jurisdiction at the local, regional and national governance, separated by administrative boundaries.
Statistical unit
Units for dissemination or use of statistical data.
Land use
Classification of the territory based on the functional dimension or socio-economic purpose and plan for the future (eg residential, industrial, commercial, agricultural, forestry, recreational).
Natural risk zones
Sensitive areas characterized according to natural hazards (ie all atmospheric phenomena, hydrologic, seismic, volcanic and wildfire that, for the location, severity, and frequency, can have a serious impact on society), eg floods, landslides and subsidence, avalanches, forest fires / forests, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions.
Area management / restriction / regulation and reporting units to communicate data
Areas managed, regulated or used for reporting at international, European, national, regional and local levels. Includes dumping sites, restricted areas around drinking water sources, nitrate-vulnerable zones, regulated fairways at sea or in inland waters of large areas for the dumping of waste, noise restriction zones, areas in which an activity of prospecting and mining, river basin districts, relevant reporting units communicate data and the areas that count on plans digestion of coastal areas.